University College London – The Centre for Transport Studies
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England and a constituent college of thefederal University of London. It is considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in the world and ranks highly in both national and international league tables.
UCL has a global reputation for excellence in research and is committed to delivering impact and innovations that enhance the lives of people in the UK, across Europe and around the world. Based on a research strategy that is oriented around a series of ambitious “Grand Challenges”, including Sustainable Cities, UCL nurtures thriving and engaged communities of world-leading academics across the entire research and innovation spectrum, from arts and humanities to the basic and applied sciences and healthcare.
The Centre for Transport Studies (CTS) is located within the Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering; it is one of the oldest transport research and teaching groups in the UK and has an international reputation for innovative high quality research and applications.
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna
The University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, or simply BOKU (derived from its German name, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, literally Vienna University for Soil Culture), founded in 1872, is an education and research centre for renewable resources in Vienna and for the promotion of sustainable development in life sciences field.
The Institute for Transport Studies (ITS) is part of the Department of Spatial, Landscape and Infrastructure Sciences at the BOKU. Its staff is well trained in working with interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary project teams in the field of mobility behaviour and the impacts of different measures on it. The main field of work includes: 1. Mobility behaviour, 2. Methods for collecting data on mobility behaviour, 3. Assessment methods, 4. Transport planning, 5. Modelling.
We work on developing innovative solutions for managing those challenges focussing on urban areas and on the active means of transport walking and cycling. Integrating the developed solutions into the whole transport system is a core task throughout our projects. All the project staff foreseen for the project has already experiences with research project on mobility behaviour and transport planning on national and/or international level.
European Integrated Projects
EIP is a SME consultancy company based in Romania, with an additional office in Italy. The company undertake consultancy for city authorities, operators and the private sector. Their primary fields of work are in awareness raising, communications and marketing on sustainability issues, project and consortium management, stakeholder engagement on sustainability issues and securing funding and project support within European sustainable transport initiatives and EU structural funds.
EIP has a solid reputation in countries in Eastern Europe gained by providing good quality services to local public authorities, and it’s recognised in creating a good visibility to innovative mobility schemes across Europe, where EIP marketing strategies have developed city-wide sustainability branding and awareness-raising campaigns to support SUMP development, and presentations at the European level to raise the best practice profile of cities.
EIP is involved with the CIVITAS network where it is actively involved in dissemination activities across the programme and stakeholders involvement. EIP has a solid experience in working with politicians and decision makers in cities across Europe, achieving success in involving them in the day to day decisions related to the implementation and assessment of their SUMPs.
EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities. Founded in 1986, the network brings together the local governments of more than 120 large cities in 36 European countries.
EUROCITIES represents the interests of its members and engages in dialogue with the European institutions across a wide range of policy areas affecting cities. Through a wide range of Forums, Working Groups, projects and events, EUROCITIES provides a platform for promoting the urban agenda in European policy-making and for sharing knowledge and exchanging on innovative solutions among its member cities.
Road congestion, together with pollution and noise are some of the many challenges to be addressed by European cities, especially in the context of an increasing volume of road traffic in urban areas. CREATE project will be linked to the EUROCITIES Mobility Forum and the working group on Developing a New Mobility Culture, as well as to the EUROCITIES Environment Forum and it working group in Air Quality.
The EUROCITIES Mobility Forum and the working group “Developing a New Mobility Culture” work on sharing best practice and developing positions linked to EU policy. The working group and forum will serve as a platform to host relevant workshops and training events within the framework of CREATE project, and will also provide the necessary feedback on project developments and results.
Sciences Po – Centre for European studies and comparative politics
Sciences Po is a fully-fledged, self-governing research university specialised in the social-economic sciences and the humanities. Sciences Po facilitates laboratories' participation in the European Research Area.
The CEE (Centre d’études européennes) was created in 2005 to fulfil three main missions: to develop research on European questions at Sciences Po; to facilitate Sciences Po’s insertion in European research networks; to foster the European debate on the future of Europe. The CEE scientific project combines basic and applied research on four key areas:
1) an interdisciplinary approach to Europe and European studies;
The CEE is involved in several projects and activities which will directly benefit to the CREATE consortium. First, the Centre offers a specific offer of methodological knowledge in qualitative analysis. Second, the expertise of the CEE also lies in its strong research tradition in public policy analysis. Furthermore, the CEE is much involved in the urban program “Cities are back in town”.
Institute of Urban Planning and Development of Paris Île-de-France Region
IAU is the Planning and Development Institute for the French capital region of Paris "Ile-de-France" located in Paris. It is the largest urban planning agency in Europe.
IAU primary mission is to propose planning and development policies for the Ile-de-France region and to implement them. It takes into account their spatial aspects (from the local to the regional, and with respect to French and European policy), and sectorial aspects (planning, transport, and environment projects, housing and urban regeneration policies, etc.).
Another important role of IAU is to be a centre for regional development analysis and futures studies by means of a range of indicators on population, housing, employment, natural resources, pollution, congestion, noise and other unwanted effects, etc., which are often compiled in partnership with regional and national bodies, and they contribute considerably to feeding our Regional Geographical Information System. In English: http://www.iau-idf.fr/en.html
INRIX is a global company which provides a variety of Internet services and mobile applications pertaining to road traffic and driver services. INRIX provides historical, real-time traffic information, traffic forecasts, travel times, travel time polygons and traffic count to businesses and individuals in 40 countries. It also gathers curates and reports roadway incidents such as accidents, road closures and road works.
INRIX leverages big data analytics to reduce the individual, economic and environmental toll of traffic congestion. Through cutting-edge data intelligence and predictive traffic technologies, INRIX helps leading automakers, fleets, governments and news organizations make it easier for drivers to navigate their world. Our vision is simple – to solve traffic, empower drivers, inform planning and enhance commerce.
The two main areas of input from INRIX for CREATE relate to contributing expertise and ideas (discussion on how to enable more efficient uses of urban transport networks), and some detailed data sets (new and existing measures).
COWI is a leading interdisciplinary consulting company located in a number of European and worldwide offices.
We undertake engineering, environmental and economic projects across the globe, taking due account of the environment and the surrounding society. We combine engineering, environment and economics in a 360° approach. The 360° approach leads to more coherent solutions and analysis.
In CREATE COWI will be responsible for data analyse for the City of Copenhagen. Further it will support the city in project management and contribute to analysis and specific deliverables to ensure the success of the CREATE project.
Vectos is a dynamic transport planning consultancy, based in the UK and Italy.
Vectos specialises in providing transport policy, planning advice and financial engineering solutions to developers, retailers, mobility operators, land owners and local authorities. The Directors of Vectos have led the transport planning aspects of the some of the largest and most prestigious projects in the UK.
Vectos engage with both the private sector and with public authorities. They have developed novel business models and financial solutions between public and private interests in multi- stakeholder agreements, to ensure sustainable mobility initiatives are implemented and have a secure financial future. The International Projects undertaken in Vectos are at the innovative edge of sustainable transport planning initiatives in Europe: programmes such as Intelligent Energy Europe and CIVITAS.
Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment, Berlin
Berlin has a population of 3,562,166. Berlin has a complex and efficient traffic system. No big city can function without one. A look behind the scenes reveals continuous and long-term planning based on the urban development plan (StEP) for traffic.
The Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment is part of the government of the Federal State and the City of Berlin, responsible for an integrated urban planning, building, housing, nature and transport policy; it employs approx. 1.800 persons.
The division for transport has the task of developing an integrated strategy towards a low or even carbon free mobility in Berlin as a main target of the new Berlin Urban Transportation Development Plan. In this function several, partly conflicting needs e.g. in the use of public space have to be balanced, introduction strategies for new technologies have to be implemented.
In 1992 Berlin as the first German city started activities to introduce CNG-vehicle and is engaged in this topic up to now. Since August 2009 the division for transport supports the local model region on electromobility and the just recently granted “showcase E-Mobility” funded by the German Government.
Today modern Variable Message Sign Systems (VMS) are an important contribution to making traffic safer and improving traffic flow. The benefit is considerable: In addition to the improvement of traffic flow emissions will be reduced.
City of Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the Capital of Denmark. The municipality of Copenhagen has a total area of 74.4 km2 and a population of 570.000, rising by 1000 citizens a month. The population is expected to reach 700.000 by 2025.
The City of Copenhagen has an overall vision and goal for green mobility, stating that mobility in Copenhagen must be greener and more efficient in order to stimulate economic growth, contribute to a carbon-neutral city and to the good life for Copenhageners. As a consequence the City of Copenhagen will strive to pave the way for new initiatives to ensure that we attain our goal. The approach is to have a holistic view on mobility and urban planning – challenges with congestion, growth and environment in the city can only be solved by connected packages of solutions. Thus Copenhagen has developed the third generation of a SUMP with specific goals to improve mobility by modal shift towards cycling, walking and public transport. Copenhagen has a long tradition for counting and measuring traffic and transport habits, both in general for the city as a whole and when it comes to assessment of specific projects.
Transport for London
Transport for London (TfL) is a ‘Functional Body’ of the Mayor of London and it is responsible for most aspects of the transport system in Greater London in England. Its role is to implement the transport strategy and to manage transport services across London. Every day around 24 million journeys are made across its network.
TfL develops plans for all modes of transport and therefore has an unrivalled overview of travel trends and their underlying causes and implications, as well as good and comprehensive data and analysis capabilities. TfL also plans for the future, taking forward the policies and proposals in the Mayor of London’s Transport Strategy. Increasing population growth and sustainability imperatives mean that properly understanding the nature of transport demand pressures over the next 30 years is assuming greater importance, so that policies can be framed in the most efficient and environmentally sustainable way.
TfL will make use of an established in-house team of expert analysts to take forward innovative analysis to help understand the underlying causes of current patterns and trends, and apply this to the development of forecasting tools that will map out anticipated (modal) travel demand trends for the next 30 years, thus ensuring that future transport policy in London is based on the best possible understanding of trends and their causes.
Adana Metropolitan Municipality
Adana is Turkey’s 6th largest city and is a fast growing commercial capital of eastern Mediterranean coast. It has a population over 2 million making it one of the most popular cities of Turkey.
Adana Metropolitan Municipality aims to provide different contributions to the project as the partner.
First, to develop the conceptual framework into a detailed holistic accessibility (evaluation) framework - that places the 3 key elements of social inclusion, sustainability and economic cost effectiveness criteria in one single approach to accessibility planning. This approach includes the needs of all citizen groups and not only heterogeneous segments; and the relevance of all transport modes in the issue.
Moreover, it aims to produce a ‘horizontal’ accessibility approach that incorporates the important links between the accessibility needs of citizens in the city and those citizen needs to/from the hinterland region (daily interaction) and the national and international links of the city.
Greater Amman Municipality
Amman witnessed tremendous growth over the last five years; the city is home to about 3.5 million inhabitants as well as more than half a million daily commuters and visitors, its population is expected to reach 6.4 million in 2025. This growth has resulted in sub-optimal land use and transportation patters.
Amman witnessed unprecedented growth in both population numbers and the level on foreign investments that are stimulating rapid and large-scale development. The surge in the demand for mobility has been testing for the Amman transport system, and the city has entered into a paradigm shift: meeting the increased mobility demand can only be sustained through a comprehensive strategy which favours public transport.
The Greater Amman municipality embarked on an extensive program to bring back the needed balance in Amman’s mobility system. A Transport and Mobility Master Plan (TMMP) was developed to put forward the outcomes of the of the Amman Master Plan and set a program for shifting the mobility system in Amman from cars to more sustainable modes, namely public transportation and walking.
GAM with its work on the Amman mobility strategy, its experience in working on EU projects, and active role with international organizations is well positioned to add value to the CREATE project and successfully ensure its sustainability, having key staff with relevant experience in traffic operations, urban transport, modelling data analysis, and stakeholder engagement.
Bucharest is the capital city, industrial, cultural, and financial centre of Romania. It is the largest city in Romania. According to January 1, 2009 official estimates, Bucharest has a population of around 2.3 million people (including the suburban area).
The prosperity of the city measured in an increased GDP/capita was the major factor of influence for the traffic levels and congestion in the city. Therefore, one of the major problems for the mobility in the city is the increased number of cars to which it is added the poor integration of the transport systems. Transit volumes in the city centre can reach 50.000 vehicles a day which creates many problems in traffic, increased travel times, pollution, and, especially in the city centre, parking problems.
The studies undertaken at the city level reveal an increased trend for mobility caused mainly by car ownership rates, higher incomes and job opportunities. In this situation, Bucharest Municipality is interested in developing an integrated mobility strategy at the city level and its outskirts in order to diminish the negative impact of congestion.
In this respect, Bucharest Municipality takes into account the development and implementation of transport policies to diminish the car usage in the city, to improve the quality of the public transport, to promote soft mobility and to increase the awareness of the mobility impact on inhabitants’ health and quality of life.
City of Skopje
Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, is with 480,000 inhabitants home to a quarter of the country’s population. The city is spread over 1,854 km².
Skopje is a modern city combining contemporary architecture with a well-preserved and restored old town. Many people travel through the city centre when going to work (22.3%) and returning home (47.2%). The primary modes of transport are public transport with a modal share of 34 percent, walking with 33.5 percent and private vehicles with 28.4 percent.
The renaissance in public transport with huge renewal of the bus fleet happened in 2011 with 200 double-deckers, 17 tourist double-deckers; sightseeing, 80 single buses and 16 minibuses. In 2012 about 50.000.000 passengers used public transport.
A strategy for the development of a sustainable urban transport system has been recently adopted, with a particular focus on the development of public transport. The quality of the service is improved through real-time passenger information, and smart ticketing solutions based on an integrated fare system for all public transport services.
The city has a vision – that by 2020 it will be a viable, energy-neutral and attractive town existing in harmony with its inhabitant and in balance with nature. This is why Skopje has embarked on projects to make it easier for visitors to make environmentally friendly decisions during their stay.
City of Tallinn
Tallinn as the capital of Estonia with 430 000 residents has set an aim to become the Green Capital of Europe in 2018 with the strategy "Tallinn 2030". In CREATE project the city will be presented by Transport Department.
The Transport Department is responsible for planning transport in the city, directing, coordinating, organising its development, managing of public transport, traffic and parking in city area. It operates in order to change mobility habits towards active transport modes, initiating and launching programmes in favour of sustainable modes of transport. It has also built dedicated bus lanes with a view to improve traffic conditions and diminish negative impact of transport to the environment, establishing priority system for public transport in a manner that there would be an automatic public transport priority system covering the entire city.
Other measures entailed the creation of a dispatcher centre, real-time passenger information system, and management of disseminating schedules, maps and information materials. Schedules are constantly optimised according to changes in travel demand and the entire line network is updated after every five years.
In the upcoming future, investments into modern public transport fleet, quality criteria for the fleet will be elaborated, taking into account the requirements of mobility impaired people. More environmentally friendly public transport fleet will be also purchased.
Dresden University of Technology
Within the “Technische Universität Dresden”, the Faculty of Traffic and Transportation Sciences "Friedrich List" is one of the largest academic centres of traffic sciences in Germany. It incorporates 25 chairs within 10 institutes which form a research and education cooperation in transport and communications economics, traffic engineering, infrastructure planning and vehicle construction. The faculty orientates towards the complexity of traffic and circulation processes through its interdisciplinary profile and contributes to cope with the dynamic challenges of transport and communication markets - on the way to a sustainable development of all means of transport, communications, infrastructure and human behaviour.
The TU Dresden with its Faculty of Transportation and Traffic Sciences and its Chair of Transport and Infrastructure Planning has been participating in a number of European projects in the field of sustainable transport. In addition, continually research projects have been carried out on the national and regional level in particular in the fields of mobility research, space and transport, traffic and mobility management, road safety, traffic and environment, mobility of particular sociological groups like the elderly and young adults.
The main area of competence of the Chair of Transport and Infrastructure Planning (vip) is analysis, planning and design of transport infrastructure for all modes under special consideration of interrelations between space, city, environment, economy and society. The main focus of research activities are basic principles of integrated transport planning and the planning process.